Finland participates in international civilian crisis management in conflict areas with a view to promoting transition to democracy, good governance, respect for human rights and the rule of law, and the consolidation of effective civil society structures. The main form of action is deployment of civilian experts to operations undertaken by the European Union and international organizations.
Civilian crisis management missions are run in crisis-stricken areas and other areas where external assistance is required to maintain the basic social infrastructure. The key functions in civilian crisis management focus on the development of the administrative functions exercised by the
Civilian crisis management tasks can also involve monitoring of the implementation of peace and ceasefire agreements and promotion of minority issues and democracy development. To an increasing extent, a more thorough reform of the security sector in the country in question is called for, including such sectors as the army, the police, the border guard and the customs.
The pools of experts trained to be deployable to missions include, for example, police officers, judges, prosecutors, prison personnel, border officers, customs officials or administrative experts. Their functions range from monitoring and training tasks to secondment to various authorities, such as the police and the judiciary. The EU uses this kind of secondment, that is, executive powers, for the first time in connection with EULEX Kosovo Rule of Law mission, which was launched in 2008.
EULEX Kosovo, which was launched at the end of 2008, is the largest civilian mission ever under the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) with about 1700 international experts. It works under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244. EULEX Kosovo assists Kosovo authorities in establishing an independent and multi-ethnic police, law, border control and customs system, which is in agreement with international standards. Implementing the mandate through monitoring, mentoring and advising is meant to help Kosovo authorities to become responsible for the functioning of their own institutions. The mission is technical in nature, but it holds even some executive power.
The mandate of EULEX was extended for two years in June 2012. In pursuance of extending the mandate, the structures and focuses of the mission were updated. The priorities are the work against organized crime and corruption and the development of constitutional state. The main challenges are to transfer the executive tasks of the operation to the Kosovo authorities and to set up in the Northern Kosovo.
The Finns working in EULEX are mainly police officers, border control experts and experts of the judiciary, like judges and prosecutors. Finland has had a remarkable role in the mission. In 2009 there were more than 80 Finns working in EULEX, but nowadays Finland has stabilized its participation at 40-50 experts.